5Feeding your worms
Place a small amount of food scraps evenly across the top of the worm bedding to a depth of no more than 3-5cm. Increase the amount of food and rotate the trays as the worms turn the scraps into rich, earthy castings.
Peel back the worm blanket, newspaper, hessian or cloth cover, pour in the food, then replace the blanket and lid.
Your worm army will breed quickly once settled, however you need to give them time to breed before increasing the supply of food scraps. They will eat around 1 litre of food a week after the first few months, then up to 2 litres a week once at full capacity.
After several months the top tray will fill up with broken down food and worm castings. Once the top tray is three-quarters full, place the empty tray on top of it, ensuring the bottom of the new tray is touching the bedding in the old tray so the worms can wriggle up.
Then add food scraps and newspaper into the new top tray, and cover them with your worm blanket. The worms will then climb into their new dining room whenever they are hungry.
Eventually the new tray on top will also fill up. If there is still space in the bottom tray, rotate it back to the top. If the bottom tray is full of worm castings, follow the instructions in the next step to harvest them before rotating trays. It can take about 6-12 months before the tray fills up with castings.
If your worm farm isn’t keeping up with your food waste, consider adding an Extra Working Tray. The Farm can support up to 4 working trays, and you can place food in all trays to maximise throughput of food (up to around 4L a week).
- Worms will get through food faster if it's cut into small pieces, so avoid giving them whole fruit or vegetables.
- You don't need to wait until they eat everything before you add more, but don't add too much unless the food looks like it's being eaten - it will appear darker and will have reduced in volume.
- To keep your worms moist and prevent flies, cover the worm bedding in the top tray with a worm blanket, shirt, towel, moist newspaper, or hessian sack.
- When you rinse your food scrap container, pour the water into your worm farm or onto plants to avoid wasting water.
Did you know?
Your worms will be ok if you leave them without food for a few weeks. If you go on holidays, just be sure to put a thick layer of moist newspaper on top of the worm bedding. Make sure the farm is located somewhere shady, cool, and out of the rain, even indoors in the laundry, garage, or bathroom. For longer trips ask a friend to do this tutorial and feed them once a week for you!