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Composting, worm farming, and bokashi fermentation are different ways of recycling your food scraps into healthy soil. Depending on your household and garden situation, one will suit you best.


Compost works by aerobic decomposition (breaks down with air) which creates heat. It needs garden materials as well as food scraps.

Composting suits if you

  • have garden materials (you need twice as much as your food scraps).
  • have space on bare earth to put the compost bin.
  • are in a household with more than two people.

The benefits are

  • you can add a greater variety of food and other materials than in a wormfarm including garlic, onion and citrus.
  • you can recycle your garden materials.
  • you can add larger volumes of materials.


Wormfarming works by worms and other micro-organisms eating the food, you don’t need to add garden materials.

Wormfarming suits if you

  • don't have any garden materials to get rid of.
  • don't have access to any bare earth.
  • have a small household or you don’t produce a lot of food scraps.

The benefits are

  • you can collect the liquid and soild fertilisers from your wormfarm.
  • you can keep your wormfarm in a courtyard, on a balcony or even inside.
  • you don’t need to add garden materials.


Bokashi composting uses fermentation to pickle food waste in an air-tight bin. Waste is broken down without bad smells or insects. It's perfect for small households where space is limited.

Bokashi composting suits if you:

  • live in an apartment
  • work in an office with a kitchen
  • have somewhere to bury or compost the semi-solid fertiliser afterwards (a veggie patch, compost bin or community garden)

Some of the many benefits are:

  • it doesn't smell, you can keep it in the kitchen
  • it can handle meat, dairy, citrus, and onion; which worms don't like
  • the liquid fertiliser is easy to harvest